Tempo or pace is the number of possessions a team uses in a game.
Remember the 4 Corner offense? Dean Smith preferred to play a slower tempo to limit their opponents' possessions.
Today, there is a shot clock, and the 4 Corner offense likely wouldn't be as effective.
Not all teams have the same preferences. Some teams like to play fast or up-tempo. Other teams want to slow the game down.
Tempo and pace have a huge impact on the amount of possessions in a game. And possessions are the foundation of efficiency.
The amount of possessions a team averages per game is because of their own tempo or pace, and their opponent's tempo or pace.
A team's average pace is a result of how they prefer to play and how their opponents prefer to play.
Tempo or pace indicate a team's style of play.
For example, Virginia historically plays at a slower pace. They value the basketball and take quality shots late in their possessions. This reduces the total number of possessions in their games.
Virginia averages around 60 possessions per game.
In contrast, West Virginia plays an average tempo. The Mountaineers press you on defense and love to try to force you into turnovers. This can increase the amount of possessions in their games.
West Virginia averages about 70 possessions per game.
Is there a right or wrong way to play?
No. This is the beauty of college basketball.
In 2017-2018, with contrasting styles, both Virginia and West Virginia were among the top ranked teams in the country throughout the season.
But what happens when teams with contrasting styles play each other?
This is the reason why adjusted efficiency and tempo exists.